Subject Pronouns: Learn Arabic Grammar #1
You and I will learn some of the pronouns today. Imagine speaking without using any of the subject pronouns (I, You, He, She, We, Us, They, Them), and you are going to have a hard time doing that. In today’s lesson, we will look at the subject pronouns, the words that take place of a noun and work as a subject of the sentence. Pronouns are words that are used in place of a noun, i.e, we use ‘I’ in place of mentioning your name, use ‘You’ instead of naming you every time, use ‘Him’ when the identity of him is known. These pronouns make a large portion of our everyday vocabulary!
Arabic Subject Pronouns
Arabic Subject Pronouns
|You (Singular, Masculine)||أنتَ||Anta|
|You (Plural, Masculine)||أنتم||Antum|
|You (Singular, Feminine)||أنتِ||Anti|
|You (Plural, Feminine)||أنتن||Antunna|
|They (Plural, Masculine)||هم||Huma|
|They (Plural, Feminine)||هن||Hunna|
Unlike English, there is a dual version of every word as well. Though the dual version is often only used in case of Standard Arabic, and most of the dialects replace it with the plural version. Another difference you might notice is the presence of five different versions of the word ‘You’!
Since English speakers are used to of using You in every case, they find it hard to adjust it for singular and plural, as well as for feminine and masculine varieties. So, you will use ‘Anta’ when speaking to one male, ‘Anti’ when talking to one female, ‘Antum’ when talking to more than one male, and ‘Antunna’ when talking to more than one female. You can use ‘Antuma’ when talking to two persons, but this variant is often dropped in case of colloquial versions.
In most cases, the subject pronoun is dropped and you have to determine that by the verb structure, but knowing this pronoun can help you a lot if you are not good with verb conjugations. So, if you are a beginner trying to explain something, then using the right pronoun can compromise for the wrong usage of the verb.
Using Arabic Pronouns
أنا غني – Ana Ghaniyyun (I am Rich)
أنتَ غني – Anta Ghaniyyun -You are Rich (Masculine)
أنتِ غنية – Anti Ghaniyyatun – You are Rich (Feminine)
نحن أغنياء – Nahnu Aghniya – We are Rich
As you can see, that the verb also changes in case of singular, plural, masculine and feminine variants, and learning these verb conjugations can be a tough task. So the use of the right pronoun can make up to an extent for the misused verb.
You should memorize these Pronouns as you will find them everywhere, and are going to hear them a lot. Over the next few lessons, we will help you build your basic vocabulary, and build up your grammatical understanding.
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