Family Members and Friends: Arabic Vocabulary
Family Relations and ancestors are respected a lot in the Arab World. People remember their lineage for many generations. Middle names of Arabs are usually the name of the father preceded by a “bin” or “ibn” in case of a boy, and “bint” in case of a girl. Family and tribal ties also carry a huge significance in the Arab World. Arabic words can also mean many things, and there are many words that can have similar meaning. The basic Arabic words for Family and Friends are common in most places. The most common word for family is عائلة (Aaelah). Aaelah is used for both the immediate and extended family. أسرة (Usrah) is also a very commonly used word and refers to the immediate family. The choice of word may vary from one region to another, but these two words are understood in most of the local dialects, and are often used interchangeably.
Arabic words are customised according to the tense and the point of view. So Aaelah is general word and the first person of the word is Aaelati (My Family). Similarly, Usrati means My Family and is derived from Usrah. In this lesson, we will look at the words and how it is said in first person.
Arabic Words for Family and Friends
|إبن العم||Ibnu Ala’m||إبن عمي||Ibn Ammi||Male Paternal Cousin|
|بنت العم||Bintu Ala’m||بنت عمي||Bint Ammi||Female Paternal Cousin|
|إبن الخال||Ibnu Al-Khaal||إبن خالي||Ibn Khali||Male Paternal Cousin|
|بنت الخال||Bintu Al-Khaal||بنت خالي||Bint Khali||Female Paternal Cousin|
|إبن الأخ||Ibnu AlAkh||إبن أخي||Ibn Akhi||Nephew (Brother’s Son)|
|إبنة الأخ||Ibnatu AlAkh||إبنت أخي||Ibnatu Akhi||Niece (Brother’s Daughter)|
|إبن الأخت||Ibnu AlUkht||إبن أختي||Ibnu Ukhti||Nephew (Sister’s Son)|
|إبنة الأخت||Ibnatu AlUkht||إبنت أختي||Ibnatu Ukhti||Niece (Sister’s Daughter)|
This above list includes most of the singular first person relationships that you will come across. The words are slightly modified to in order to make it plural, second person or third person. The current list is sufficient for a normal interaction and you might be able to understand the the plural one you get used to these words. Since Arabic words are formed through the root words and different meanings are derived using grammatical rules, it is difficult to list all the possible combinations.
In the next Blog, we will look at the basic grammatical structure of the Arabic language. You can build your vocabulary by reading our previous Blogs. We are currently offering free trial session with our esteemed teachers on Skype. You can register now to book an Arabic learning session!